monk, Corvin noon bell john hunyadi castle
The Raven, the Ring, the King: Legends of John Hunyadi
January 16, 2019
sighisoara sibiu summit
A great 3-day private tour in Transylvania, just after the Sibiu summit
May 21, 2019

The Noon Bell (the custom of ringing the church bells at noon during Angelus prayer) and the Feast of Transfiguration (which is observed on 6th of August) have their origins in John Hunyadi’s outstanding victory against the Ottomans at Belgrade – July 22, 1456.

Worth to know: Facts, legends and suppositions about John Hunyadi’s ancestry

noon bell corvin john hunyadi castle

The Noon Bell and the Feast of Transfiguration - two legacies of John Hunyadi’s victory over the Turks

Embolded by their takeover of Constantinople in 1453 and led by Sultan Mehmed II, the Ottomans fell upon the Western Christianity. Meanwhile in Rome, in 1455, immediately following his elevation to the Chair of Peter, noon bell callixtus III popea Spaniard pope, Callixtus III , asked the Christian kings and princes to commit armies and vessels to stop the advance of Islam in Europe.

The Pope himself solemnly committed to ”pursue the Turks, the most cruel foes of the Christian name, to conquer again Constantinople (...) for the release of Christians who lie in slavery.” Even with the sacrifice of his own life, he said.

War-torned by disputes, the European kingdoms were slow to answer Pope’s call. Some of them actually betrayed him. Nevertheless, noon bell john hunyadiJohn Hunyadi , former Governor of the Hungarian kingdom and military commander, and the Franciscan friar noon bell john capistranoSaint John of Capistrano , who was already preaching the Crusade, amassed an army up to 60,000 soldiers.

The Noon Bell

Seeing his calls falling on princiary deaf ears, on June 29, 1456 Pope Callixtus III issued a Papal Bull - Bulla Turcorum. He ordered that every single church in Christendom rung daily, between noon and vespers, three pals of bells. A call to remember the ordinary Christians of their duty to pray three Our Father and three Hail Mary for those who were unremittingly fighting the Turks.

The showdown took place in Belgrade. A large Ottoman army sieged Belgrade from 4th to 22nd of July 1456. On July 22, barely one month after Callixts’ Bulla Turcorum, John Hunyadi won a stunning victory against Mehmed II, renowned as ”the Conqueror”. It stopped for almost seven decades the impetuous march of Islam towards Rome, the heart of Western Christianity.

The Feast of Transfiguration

Right after his victory over the Ottoman army, John Hunyadi sent to the Pope a letter. The news arrived in Rome on 6th of August. Pope Callixtus III imposed on the very same day, August 6, the Feast of Transfiguration within the whole Church. It was a thanksgiving to God for John Hunyadi’s triumph.

Few days later, on August 11, 1456, john Hunyadi's funeral stone in Alba IuliaJohn Hunyadi died of plague . He was buried in Alba Iulia’s Catholic cathedral.

John Capistran Ilok CroatiaSaint John of Capistrano was laid to rest in Ilok, CroatiaSaint John of Capistrano , the other hero of Belgrade battle against the Ottomans, died the same year, on October 23, 1456.

Pope Callixtus III died two years later on the very Feast of Transfiguration , on August 6, 1458.
Visit Corvin (Hunadi) Castle
In 1456, Pope Callixtus' Bulla Turcorum imposed all Christian churches to rung daily three pals of bells in order to announce the faithful to pray for the Christian army confronting the Ottomans in Belgrade. The order to ring the church bells at noon was never repealed, on the contrary, the following popes reinforced it.

The Raven, the Ring, The King

Facts, legends and suppositions about John Hunyadi's ancestry.
Social Share Buttons and Icons powered by Ultimatelysocial